National Oceanography Center (NOC)

Description of the organisation

The UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) is the UK’s largest funder of independent environmental science, training and innovation, delivered through universities and research centres. The National Oceanography Centre (NOC, hereafter UKRI) is a world-leading research centre with expertise in oceans, biology, and geosciences. The centre provides long-term national and international marine science capability, including high-resolution modelling, research vessels, sustained observations, AUVs and data management. Established in 1993, NOC employs ca. 500 staff and hosts the under/postgraduate programs of the Universities of Southampton and of Liverpool, ca. 700 students pa.

Expertise particularly relevant for the project

UKRI provides internationally recognised expertise in ocean-sea-ice-biogeochemical model development, datasets and analysis (using NEMO-CICE-MEDUSA) and is a founder member of the EU NEMO (Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean) consortium. This facilitates the development of permafrost parameterisations in T1.3 and model configurations for T1.1/1.2/2.1/2.3. UKRI has also developed MEDUSA, an intermediate complexity biogeochemical (BGC) model that has been adopted by the UK Earth System Model (UKESM) Programme. The UKRI expertise will be instrumental for running and analysing high-resolution and long model integrations in T1.1/1.2/2.3/2.4. We are also partners in the UK ORCHESTRA and MESO-CLIP projects, which are employing the NEMO adjoint operator. Therefore, UKRI is able to detect the emergence of tipping point signals, forcing factors and multiple stressors (T1.1/1.2/2.3) and to examine their reversibility (T2.4), and their attribution (T2.1). Though the UK CLASS Programme (task PIs Brown, New, Sinha) and the APEAR project (a UK/BMBF programme, PI Aksenov), UKRI will make high-resolution forward ocean-BGC projections available for COMFORT. These will benefit T1.1/T1.2/T1.3/ T2.1. Furthermore, the UKRI research team covers sea-ice, ocean and biogeochemical modelling and observations, climate change and dynamics, physical and ecosystem variability, and the ocean uptake of carbon and its acidification, and is described in detail below.

For more information please visit NOC website.